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Index of experiments

Summary of experiments

1.  Annual inverse effects in the Northern and southern hemispheres. - A review

Interferometry is a valuable tool in physics and is widely used to study radiation fields. Spin torsion fields also appear to be amenable to the use of interferometry to study their effects. To allow for some standardisation between investigators an interferometer with standard dimensions is used. The interferometer consists of two copper pipes spaced apart. Currently there is no inanimate detection system and so dowsing rods must be used to map the responses of the interferometer. These are detected by the rods swinging together and consist of a number of detectable lines (interference fringes) which are parallel to each other and equally spaced. The spacing of the lines generated by the standard interferometer is either approximately 2m or 6m. In the northern hemisphere in winter the spacing is 2m, changing in late April to 6m and changing back in November to 2m. In the southern hemisphere an inverse of the changes takes place. The effect has been repeatable over many years and has been observed by a number of investigators. The data used in this analysis is based on the historical work of Dodd, Harris, Humphries and Reddish.


Read more about the inverse effects experiment ....


2.  Sun Spin and Polyethylene

In 1992 in the former USSR, papers published by CISE VENT, the Centre for Non-Traditional Technologies claimed that so called spin torsion radiation could be created by rotating masses and that such radiation could be blocked by materials having a "spin ordered molecular structure".

Materials that are stretched in one direction during their manufacture have this property, one of the most useful of which is polyethylene sheet which is widely available. Materials such as polyethylene sheet are now referred to as Spin Polarisers and it was found that when two such polarisers were placed together with their stretch directions at 90 degrees to one another (crossed) they blocked radiation responsible for the dowsing effect. The same sort of effect occurs with crossed optical polarisers which block the passage of light. This property of Spin Polarisers led to the realisation that Dowsing radiation and spin torsion radiation were one and the same.

Crossed Spin Polarisers placed between the Sun and a test object prevented dowsing fringes from being created. This was true even if the Sun was below the horizon and led to the conclusion that a Torsion field could pass through the planet unattenuated.

Read more about Sun, Spin and Polyethylene here


3.  Equinoxes as the cause of annual inverse effects

The effect whereby fringe distance measured from a standard interferometer changed from approximately 2m to 6m around April 25th and changed back around November 20th was investigated. These changes normally happen within a few days of the nominal dates but the actual change dates and the time to change are relatively random.

The results presented here indicate that it is changes at the equinoxes that are responsible for the later changes in April and November. These changes at the equinoxes take place because the torsion field from the Sun changes from illuminating one side of the equator to illuminating the other side.

The delay between the equinox and the subsequent changes observed in either April or November is caused by the influence of the mass of the planet. When an interferometer is screened from the mass the changes actually take place at the equinoxes.

The nature of influence of the mass of the planet is still unknown. It is believed that some changes slowly take place in the atomic structure of the planet between an equinox and the subsequent fringe change and that this change takes place twice a year.

Read more about the equinox experiment here


4.  Spin torsion fields created by the rotation of Earth

As the planet rotates on its axis it creates spin torsion fields because of its rotation. These effects have been investigated using a Spin Torsion Generator (STG)

The essence of a Spin Torsion Generator (STG) is a rotating mass. STGs generate torsion fields that are aligned with their axis of rotation. By mounting an STG on a pan and tilt mechanism the interaction between the STG field and the Earth's axis of rotation can be clearly seen.

When the plane of rotation of the STG is parallel to the plane of rotation of the equator there is a very distinct drop in the distance between measured interference fringes. When the plane of rotation of the STG is at right angle to the plane of the equatorial axis there is a distinct peak in the fringe distance that suggests that the fringe distance may go to infinity .

Read more about the Earth spin torsion field experiment here


5.  Superluminal spin torsion radiation from the Sun

This experiment investigates the effects of spin torsion radiation from the Sun.

In the earth field experiment a spin torsion generator was used to investigate the effect of planet rotation on spin torsion fields. The same apparatus can also be used to investigate spin torsion radiation from the Sun. However this experiment presents a different simpler method. The reason for using a different method was that it became necessary to be able to point the apparatus at the sun with high accuracy, something that was difficult previously to achieve. The method uses a shadow method to provide an angular accuracy of better than 0.2° and an inclinometer to provide tilt accuracy to 0.2°

The experiment shows that spin torsion radiation from the sun does not come from the expected direction but that it comes from a direction approximately 2° west of the expected position. This point corresponds to the real position of the sun. The two degree difference occurs because of the time it takes for light from the sun to reach earth. The experiment shows that spin torsion radiation from the sun reaches earth almost instantaneously.

This result strongly suggests that spin torsion radiation travels much faster than light. It is generally believed that particles that travel faster than light speeds are impossible because such speeds would violate causality and would imply time travel, however the quantum mechanical phenomena of superluminal information transfer in quantum teleportation experiments such as those carried out by Alain Aspect is commonly accepted and it is possible that spin torsion radiation plays a part in this.

The experiment also shows that spin torsion radiation can pass through the planet apparently unattenuated but can be deflected by a strong magnetic field.

Read more about the superluminal radiation from the sun here here


6.  Galactic Torsion Fields

Following the detection of spin torsion radiation from the Sun there arose a question as to whether spin torsion radiation was radiated from other sources.

This question was investigated by a method that relied on screening an interferometer from different directions and checking to see if the screening had any effect. Other smaller devices that also responded to spin torsion radiation were also used to try to improve the accuracy. These early experiments gave positive results and indicated that there was at least one other source of radiation and that source was approximately in the direction in which the Solar System was travelling through the galaxy.

The experiment described here used the same equipment that was used to investigate spin torsion radiation from the Sun. The accuracy of the equipment allowed a source of spin torsion radiation to be identified that appeared to come from galactic longitude 90° latitude 0°.

The radiation coming from galactic longitude 90° latitude 0° was passed between the poles of a powerful permanent magnet before it reached the measuring apparatus. It was found that the radiation beam was deflected by 0.75 degrees to the left or right depending on the polarity of the magnetic field. This result was identical to the result from applying a magnetic field to spin torsion radiation from the Sun.

There is a problem in making any assumptions about the results. When the apparatus used in this experiment was used to investigate spin torsion radiation from the Sun it was found to be responsive to radiation from the Sun's true rather than the optical position. Because of this it is not possible to be sure that the radiation detected in this experiment does not actually come from the true position of some galactic object.

Read more about the galactic Torsion field experiment here


7.  The wavelength of spin torsion radiation


The standard interferometer constructed of two 1m lengths of copper tube separated by 60 cm gives fringe distances of 2m in the winter period and 6m in the summer period when the fringes are measured using detector rods. When this configuration is changed by changing the spacing of the tubes different fringe distances are obtained. An investigation of such changes has been made both by changing 21cm graphinterferometer tube spacing and by reconfiguring the interferometer to its minimal form by using small masses rather than copper tubes. In all of these configurations it was found that as the distance between the tubes or masses was changed over the range of 5 to 90cm, peaks occurred when the distance between them was a multiple of 21.1 cm. This distance is significant since it is the wavelength of electromagnetic radiation created by a change in the energy state of the atoms of hydrogen, the most common element in the universe. In spectrometry this wavelength is known as the hydrogen line.

Read more about the wavelength experiment here



8.  Spiral Wavefronts and Spin Filters

Results from the wavelength experiment suggest that interference fringe changes correlate to interferometer bar spacings at multiples of 21.1 cm. This is the wavelength of the hydrogen electromagnetic radiation spectral line that is caused by changes in the energy state of atoms of hydrogen, the most abundant element in the universe. However it is not suggested that spin torsion radiation is electromagnetic as electromagnetics is currently understood.

A measurement technique which involves an experimenter rotating-on-the-spot at various positions between an interferometer and the first fringe that it creates suggests that spin torsion interference fringes have a spiral structure that rotates through 180 degrees between an interferometer and the fringe that it creates.

Spin polarisers that are spaced apart can be used to create spatial filters that can be used to block or pass spin torsion radiation. The filters rely on the fact that spin torsion radiation has a 21.1cm wavelength with a spiral wavefront. Such filters can be used to investigate the nature of torsion fields. The filters used in this experiment were designed to block 21.1 cm radiation but to pass radiation at other wavelengths. Using a similar arrangement other filters were designed to block 21.1 cm radiation that had clockwise wavefront rotation and to block 21.1 cm radiation that had counter clockwise wavefront rotation.

Use of the filters confirmed that a) torsion radiation has a helical form.  b) Torsion radiation from the Sun and from the galaxy have the same clockwise wavefront rotation.  c) Fringes at various distances are created by an interference effect between 21.1cm radiation from more than one source.

Read more about spiral wavefronts and spin filters here


9.  Electrons, magnets and spin torsion generators

A Spin Torsion Generator (STG) interacts with the fields created by the rotation of the planet. This experiment takes the same Spin Torsion Generator and adds a magnet to create a magnetic field that the STG rotates through. The results of the experiment demonstrate that magnetic fields affect the interference fringe distance generated by the STG and that the direction of rotation of the spin torsion field wavefront generated by the STG can be changed by reversing the applied magnetic field.

The fact that the spin torsion fields are affected by magnetic fields suggests that it is electrons in the rotating mass of the STG that are creating the spin torsion field. Electrons have the property of spin. Modern physics regards this as a quantum property rather than actual physical spin. This is partly because if electrons had real physical spin the surfaces of charged particles would have to be moving much faster than the speed of light in order to produce the field that can be observed. This is forbidden by Relativity that says that nothing can travel faster than light. Given that the sunfield experiment appears to show superluminal spin torsion radiation from the Sun it may be that the abandonment of electron spin as real spin may was a mistake.

Read more about electrons, magnets and spin torsion generators here.


10.  Dipoles

Previous experiments have indicated that the wavelength of spin torsion radiation is 21.1cm and has a superluminal propagation speed.

The work reported here suggest that the tubes of an interferometer behave as dipoles in an analogous manner to the way in which they would act if the radiation were electromagnetic.

Read more about the dipole experiment here


11.  The frequency and propagation speed of a spin torsion field

The results of the experiment on spin torsion radiation from the Sun suggest that the radiation from the Sun comes from its true position rather than its optical position. This means that the radiation travels from Sun to Earth almost instantaneously. (see the comments section in that experiment)

This experiment attempts to indirectly quantify the propagation speed of the spin torsion radiation from the Sun by first measuring the frequency of the radiation. The frequency was determined by comparing the known performance of an inductor when used in a normal electrical circuit with its performance when used in a spin torsion circuit.

The measure of the performance of an inductor in a spin torsion circuit was carried out by using a vertical tube interferometer acting as a phased array. The direction of radiation from such an interferometer is directly related to resistive and inductive components wired in series with one of the interferometer tubes.

By using a fixed inductor and a variable resistor the inductive reactance XL (a measure of the way that an inductor restricts the flow of current) can be calculated.

Because inductive reactance is a function of frequency the frequency of the spin torsion current can be calculated. Since the wavelength of the spin torsion radiation is already known, the speed of propagation of the spin torsion radiation can be calculated.

The results indicate that the propagation speed is three orders of magnitude greater that the speed of light.

Read more about frequency and propagation speed here.


12. Effects of Chemical Elements

An isolated mass of a chemical element when irradiated by spin torsion radiation from the Sun, causes a detectable fringe with the fringe distance being some function of both the element and the mass. When the mass is increased the distance from the mass to the fringe that it creates increases to some maximum value, decreases to zero and then repeats the expansion and contraction in a cyclical manner. Every element has a unique value of mass that causes one cycle of contraction and expansion. This mass has been called the cyclic mass of an element.

Not all the chemical elements behave in quite the same way. Early work found that elements fall into one of two categories depending on the way in which the detector rods are held and respond to an isolated mass. These categories have been called the red blue group categories.

Experiments reported here use a vertical tube interferometer and shed new light onto the nature of cyclic mass and the categorisation of elements into red and blue groups.

A vertical tube interferometer allows the radiation wavefront direction to be determined using detector rods. It was found that as mass was added to one of the interferometer tubes the radiation direction changed. When a cyclic mass was added the direction changed through 180 °. It was found that elements belonging to the red group changed the direction one way and elements from the blue group the other way.

The opposite ways in which red group and blue group elements change the radiation direction provides a new understanding of neutral materials. These are materials that are created by combining material from elements in the red and blue groups in proportion to their cyclic masses so that their influence wavefront direction cancels.

Read more about the effects of chemical elements here

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