In 1992 in the former USSR, papers published by CISE VENT, the Centre for Non-Traditional Technologies claimed that so called spin torsion radiation could be created by rotating masses and that such radiation could be blocked by materials having a "spin ordered molecular structure".
Materials that are stretched in one direction during their manufacture have this property, one of the most useful of which is polyethylene sheet which is widely available. Materials such as polyethylene sheet are now referred to as Spin Polarisers and it was found that when two such polarisers were placed together with their stretch directions at 90 degrees to one another (crossed) they blocked radiation responsible for the dowsing effect. The same sort of effect occurs with crossed optical polarisers which block the passage of light. This property of Spin Polarisers led to the realisation that Dowsing radiation and spin torsion radiation were one and the same.
Crossed Spin Polarisers placed between the Sun and a test object prevented dowsing fringes from being created. This was true even if the Sun was below the horizon and led to the conclusion that a Torsion field could pass through the planet unattenuated.
Around 1989 in the USSR the State Committee for Science and Technology (GKNT) created the Center for Non-traditional Technologies later known as CISE VENT to implement research into so called torsion fields. The director of the Center was Dr. Anatoly Akimov who had been researching these fields following his initial interest in 1980. Kernbach  describes earlier work that led to the creation of this centre.
In 1992 Akimov  published a document relating to his work on spin torsion. This was believed to be an internal publication. Akimov presented some of this work at the St. Petersburg Conference on the Study of Conciousness, June 1995 and a paper of the same name was published in 1997 in the Journal of New Energy 
These claims were repeated in 1999 by Yu.V.Nachalov, E.A.Parkhomov  in which they claimed that two stretched sheets of polyethylene (polythene) when placed together with their stretch direction at right angles to one another were able to block torsion radiation from an STG in much the same way that crossed optical polarising films were able to block light.
Akimov claims that it was he who discovered Spin Torsion Generators (STGs) although few details are provided. STGs basically comprise a rotating mass and in the belief that the radiation from such generators could be increased and therefore may be detected more readily, Akimov sometimes embellished the spinning masses with coils and magnets. In the work described on this site, Spin Torsion Generators simply consist of rotating masses with no embellishments although it has been found that magnets do alter the radiation. Bench grinders and modified computer hard disk drives have been put to use for this purpose.
STGs create detectable detectable effects. In particular there is one observation that indicates that when it comes to the detection of fringes the experimenter is part of the experiment rather than being a passive observer. The experimenter is thus party to the position at which fringes are observed.
If the experimenter in the northern hemisphere takes measurements of the fringe distance created by an interferometer and then stands for one or two minutes directly over an STG (located away from the experimental area) before taking another interferometer measurement what is found is that if the STG is rotating counter clockwise the two measurements are the same. If the STG is rotating clockwise there is a change in the measurement to the value normally seen after the next inverse effects changeover date.
An explanation for this effect is that spin torsion fields from the Sun and galaxy affect the experimenter and the interferometer with both creating re-radiated fields. These re-radiated fields interact to create an interference effect with interference fringes being seen at locations where the fields are in phase. At such points there is a transfer of energy which flows through the experimenter and which causes muscle movement and consequent motion of the detector rods.
The equinox experiment shows that fringe distances also depend on the rotation of Earth. When an STG with clockwise rotation is placed beneath the experimenter for a short time, it replaces the effect of the counterclockwise rotation of the Earth with the clockwise rotation effect of the STG. Even though the experimenter moves away from the STG they become polarised and when they re-measure the fringe distance from the interferometer they find that it has changed.
In his paper Akimov refers to material having a spin-ordered molecular structure and that A. Samokhin in 1989 carried out preliminary experimental testing of the screening action of polyethylene films (no ref given) . In Akimov's paper it shows the use of crossed polyethylene film acting as a crossed Spin Polariser to block the radiation from STGs
Similar claims were made In 1999 by Yu.V.Nachalov and E.A.Parkhomov  who it is believed were at the time part of the CISE VENT team. Their paper again claimed that two sheets of polyethylene film (polythene) when placed together with their stretch direction at right angles to one another were able to block spin torsion radiation in much the same way that crossed polarising films were able to block light. In their paper, a rotating mass was used to generate torsion fields and tungsten wire detectors were used to detect the fields. There is some evidence that the claim about tungsten wire detectors was speculative.
The Nachalov Parkahomov paper led to a realisation that the radiation responsible for the dowsing effect and spin torsion radiation from a rotating mass were one and the same. It was found that a rotating mass - in early experiments in the form of an electrically powered bench grinder - created an effect that could be detected using dowsing rods. Polyethylene sheet, acting as a Spin Polariser could be used to screen the radiation when two crossed Spin Polarisers were placed between the rotating mass and the experimenter.
Fig 1. Two Crossed Polyethylene Spin Polarisers
It was found that not only did crossed polyethylene Spin Polarisers block torsion fields but also that other materials such as rolled aluminium sheet that had been stretched in its manufacturing process had similar effects. Such materials are now referred to as anisotropic materials. The ability to influence torsion fields by the use of Spin Polarisers became an important research tool.
Note that for polyethylene the two polarising layers can be touching but if two sheets of rolled aluminium are used they must be electrically insulated from one another or their blocking effect will disappear.
Reddish's early work  was prompted by the detection of underground structures and dowsing is mainly associated with the detection of underground water. In a laboratory setting it is possible to detect linear structures such as small lengths of copper pipe and small isolated objects. One observation was that if a length of copper pipe was placed on the ground, detected by dowsing methods and then removed, the position that it was previously placed in was detectable for some time after its removal. This persistence effect later became important in the understanding of the April 25th and November 20th dates in the Inverse Effects experiment. Another observation was that if two Spin Polarisers were crossed (in the sense that their stretch directions were orthogonal) and placed between a test object and the Sun then the spin torsion interference fringes were eliminated. This led to the belief that torsion fields were emitted by the Sun. A significant finding was that the torsion field from the Sun (the Sun field) could be blocked even though the Sun was below the horizon and the radiation had to apparently travel through the planet.
 S Kernbach
Unconventional research in USSR and Russia: short overview. http://arxiv.org/abs/1312.1148
 Anatoly Akimov:
The Heuristic Discussion of the Problem of Finding Long-Range Interactions. EGS Concepts. Centre of Intersectorial Science, Engineering and Venture. Non-Conventional Technologies. 1992
 Yu. V. Nachalov, E. A. Parkhomov
Experimental detection of the torsion field. http://amasci.com/freenrg/tors/doc15.html
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