The work described on this web site starts off with Vincent Reddish who was challenged to find an explanation for dowsing. He used a device called an interferometer which comprised two parallel metal tubes 1m long spaced apart by 60 cm and he found that at some distance from the interferometer, dowsing rods crossed, crossing again at repeated multiples of the distance. He called the point at which they crossed a fringe, named after analogous interference effects in optical interferometry. The distance from the interferometer at which the rods crossed he called the fringe distance. The strange thing about his measurements was that they made a sudden switch in the spring season from 2m to 6m, changing back in the autumn. A reverse effect was observed in the southern hemisphere.

Spin torsion research carried out in the former USSR (and since discredited - wrongly) claimed that Spin Torsion Generators (essentially rotating masses) created spin torsion fields and that this radiation could be blocked by two sheets of stretched polyethylene material with their stretch directions at right angles to one another. Trials showed that such an arrangement also blocked dowsing responses and led to the realisation that spin torsion fields were also responsible for the dowsing effect. Other stretched materials such as rolled aluminium have similar properties. A single sheet of such material is called a spin polariser.

When spin torsion radiation from an interferometer was investigated using spin polarisers, it was discovered that if spin polarisers with their respective stretch direction at right angles to each other were placed between the interferometer and the Sun, no dowsing fringes could be obtained. This was true even when the Sun was below the horizon and implies that the radiation passed through the planet unattenuated.

Effects observed when using Spin Torsion Generators suggested that the rotating mass of the planet was connected with the spring and autumn changes in fringe distance from an interferometer. In particular at the equinoxes the torsion field from the Sun switches from illuminating one side of the plane of the equator to the other. There is a delay of several weeks between an equinox and the corresponding spring or autumn change. This was found to be caused by polarisation effects related to the mass of the planet and could be eliminated by screening the interferometer from the planet using spin polarisers. This delay suggests that some parameter of every atom in all or part of the mass of the planet changes twice a year.

Measurements using an interferometer suggested that observed fringes had a helical rotating wavefront. This property was used in conjunction with spin polarisers to create filters that would block any spin torsion radiation that had a wavelength of 21.1 cm but let everything else through. Rotation selective filters that only blocked 21.1cm radiation with a particular wavefront rotation direction were also created.

Use of these filters confirmed that the radiation had a wavelength of 21.1cm with the wavefront spiralling through 360° in 21.1cm. Radiation from the Sun was found to have a 21.1cm wavelength with a clockwise rotating wavefront. 21.1cm is a well known wavelength caused by changes in the energy state of atoms of hydrogen, however the penetrating property of the radiation suggested that it was not electromagnetic as we currently understand electromagnetism.

A copper tube pointed towards the Sun has been found to produce measurable interference fringes. A tube 1m long mounted on a pan/tilt stand allowed angles to be measured to an accuracy of down to 0.1° so that fringes caused by the Sun could be measured more precisely. When the tube was pointed at the optical position of the Sun, no change in fringe distance occurred. However a large change in fringe distance occurs when the tube is aligned with the real position of the Sun. This position is 2.075° further west than its optical position due to the 8.3 minutes it takes for light from the Sun to reach Earth. Spin torsion radiation thus appears to travel from the Sun to Earth almost instantaneously. Similar results were obtained when the Sun was below the horizon and show that the radiation passes through the mass of the planet.

It has been observed that rotating metallic mass creates interference fringes that are heavily influenced by magnetic fields. Electrons are known to be influenced by magnetic fields and this suggests that it is the spin of electrons that creates the spin torsion radiation. Modern science has long abandoned the idea that electrons really do spin. This is because he magnetic moment from electron spin would require rotation speeds much greater than the speed of light. In view of other observations that suggest that spin torsion radiation travels at superluminal speeds it appears that electrons may have been misunderstood and need to be re-evaluated.

The chemical elements have an effect on spin torsion radiation. Elements have been been found to produce interference fringes with the fringe distance changing to a maximum and then back to a minimum as the mass of the element is increased. The mass required to cycle through a complete change is called the cyclic mass and is different for each chemical element. The fringe distance changes are caused by phase changes in the response of the elements to spin torsion radiation. Elements fall into one of two groups, the first causing a phase advance and the second a phase delay with respect to the radiation that illuminates them.

When inductors and resistors were connected in series with one of the tubes of an interferometer, interference fringe measurements show that changes caused by the inductor were three orders of magnitude greater than the changes that might be expected if spin torsion radiation was electromagnetic and travelled at the speed of light. Changes caused by the inductor suggest that the frequency of spin torsion radiation is in the terahertz range.





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